Prevention and Treatment Approaches For Coronary Artery Disease

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Coronary artery disorder is the most prevalent form of heart disease among adults. Most patients may not know its existence until they experience a major heart attack. Leading a healthy lifestyle and going for regular medical check-ups can help prevent the development of this disorder. If you suspect that you have coronary artery disease, you can consult Dr. Bhupinder Singh in Plano to schedule a physical evaluation.

What is Coronary Artery Disease?

Coronary artery disease refers to a life-threatening form of heart disease that occurs when your coronary arteries are diseased or damaged. Coronary arteries are responsible for supplying blood nutrients and oxygen to your heart. Accumulation of cholesterol-containing substances causes the narrowing of these arteries, limiting the supply of oxygen and nutrients to your heart.

Coronary artery disease develops gradually over a long period, and you may not know of its existence until you experience a heart attack or a significant blockage. There is no known cure for coronary artery disease, but adopting a healthy lifestyle can prevent its progression and ease the life-threatening symptoms, improving the quality of your life.

When should you See your Doctor?

The narrowing of the coronary arteries limits the supply of oxygen-rich blood to your heart, especially during intense physical activity such as exercise. At first, the inadequate blood supply may not cause any symptoms, but over time you may begin experiencing symptoms such as chest pain, heart attack, shortness of breath, back pain, arm pain, and neck pain.

If you suspect that you are experiencing a heart, call your doctor or visit the nearest emergy room. Heart and Vascular Care specialists recommend regular check-ups for early detection and treatment of this disorder.

How can your Doctor Diagnose Coronary Artery Disease?

During your appointment, Dr. Singh and his professional Heart and Vascular Care team review your health history, perform a thorough physical exam, and inquire about your symptoms. They may also order routine lab tests to detect other underlying health conditions.

Afterward, Dr. Singh may conduct an echocardiogram or an electrocardiogram. An echocardiogram utilizes sound waves to produce clear images of the heart, and an electrocardiogram monitors your heart’s vital signs. The team uses the results from these diagnostic tests to identify any abnormalities in your heart’s functioning.

Is it Possible to Treat Coronary Artery Disease?

Dr. Singh prefers conservative measures over surgical treatments to treat coronary artery disease. For instance, adopting healthy habits like taking a balanced diet, regular exercise, avoiding smoking, and minimizing stress levels can prevent the disorder’s progression and severe symptoms.

If your symptoms worsen or are persistent, Dr. Singh may prescribe cholesterol-modifying medications, beta-blockers, or calcium channel blockers to relieve your symptoms. If you have a severe case of coronary artery disease, you may need cardiovascular surgery. Your doctor may also recommend other treatments like :

  • Open heart surgery
  • A coronary stent
  • Impella heart pump
  • Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
  • Ischemic cardiomyopathy intra-artic balloon pump (IABP)

It is never too late to start leading a healthy lifestyle and prevent yourself from developing coronary artery disease and associated complications. Call the Heart and Vascular Center or schedule an appointment online to explore more about coronary artery disease.